Profiles Help - About the Data
Public Schools & Districts
Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS)
For all years of the MCAS:
- Percent of Students at Each Achievement Level, (default view) - Shows percent of students at each achievement level for the current year.
- Achievement level percentages are not calculated for groups with fewer than 10 students.
- For 2008 and Subsequent years - Median student growth percentiles (SGP) are not calculated if the number of students included in the aggregated SGP is less than 20.
- For 2008 and Subsequent years - Grade 10 Science and Technology/Engineering results represent the highest achievement level attained by students by the end of grade 10. In addition, only students enrolled for two full years in the state/district/school are included in state/district/school achievement level results.
- Annual Comparisons - Shows a graphical display comparing MCAS achievement level results over time.
For 2001 and subsequent years:
- Item by Item Results - Shows average test item score for school/district and state, percent of students answering items correctly, percent of responses for each choice, and the correct multiple-choice answer.
- Results by Subgroup - Shows number and the percent of students participating in each subgroup by school/district and the percent of students at each achievement level. Subgroups include Race, Gender, Special Education, Low-income, English Language Learner Status and High Needs. The High needs subgroup includes students with disabilities, low income students, and English language learner/former English language learner students.
- Participation Report - Shows the number and percent of students participating in the MCAS by each grade and subgroup including low-income students, students with disabilities, English Language Learners. NOTE: This report was not produced in 2005.
General Achievement Level Definitions
| Achievement Level||Definition|
|Advanced||Students at this level demonstrate a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of rigorous subject matter, and provide sophisticated solutions to complex problems.|
|Proficient||Students at this level demonstrate a solid understanding of challenging subject matter and solve a wide variety of problems.|
|Needs Improvement||Students at this level demonstrate a partial understanding of subject matter and solve some simple problems.|
|Warning (Grades 3-8)|
Failing (High School)
|Students at this level demonstrate a minimal understanding of subject matter and do not solve simple problems.|
MCAS- Alt Achievement Levels and Descriptors
| Achievement Level||Descriptor|
|Incomplete||The student's portfolio did not include the requisite evidence and information to allow an achievement level to be determined in the content area.|
|Awareness||The student demonstrates very little understanding of learning standards in the Massachusetts curriculum frameworks in the content area (as indicated in the alternate assessment portfolio). The student requires extensive prompting and assistance, and performance is primarily inaccurate.|
|Emerging||The student demonstrates a simple understanding of a limited number of learning standards in the Massachusetts curriculum framework in the content area at below-grade-level expectations (as indicated in the alternate assessment portfolio). The student requires frequent prompting and assistance, and performance is limited and inconsistent.|
|Progressing ||The student demonstrates a partial understanding of a limited number of learning standards in the Massachusetts curriculum framework in the content area, and addresses below-grade-level expectations (as indicated in the alternate assessment portfolio). The student appears to be receiving challenging instruction and is steadily learning new skills, concepts, and content. The student requires minimal prompting and assistance, and the performance is fundamentally accurate.|
|*Needs Improvement ||The student demonstrates a partial understanding of subject matter in the Massachusetts curriculum framework in the content area and solves some simple problems at grade-level expectations. |
|*Proficient ||The student demonstrates a solid understanding of challenging subject matter in the Massachusetts curriculum framework in the content area and solves a wide variety of problems at grade-level expectations.|
|*Advanced ||The student demonstrates a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of subject matter in the Massachusetts curriculum framework in the content area and provides sophisticated solutions to complex problems at grade-level expectations.|
* In order to earn a Competency Determination, students must achieve a score of either Proficient on the grade 10 English Language Arts and Mathematics tests, or a score of Needs Improvement, and satisfy the requirements of an Educational Proficiency Plan; for Science and Technology/Engineering, students must achieve a score of Needs Improvement on one of four high school STE tests.
|PARCC Achievement Levels|
|Achievement Level 5||Exceeded expectations (varies by grade - 850)|
|Achievement Level 4||Met expectations (750 - varies by grade)|
|Achievement Level 3||Approached expectations (725-749)|
|Achievement Level 2||Partially met expectations (700-724)|
|Achievement Level 1||Did not yet meet expectations (650-699)|
|Transitional Performance Measures|
|Trans. SGP||Transitional Student Growth Percentile generated using current PARCC and prior PARCC or MCAS scores.|
|Trans. CPI||Transitional Composite Performance Index generated using linked PARCC and MCAS scores.|
|GRADE/SUBJECT CODE ACRONYMS|
|ELA/L||English Language Arts/Literacy|
|Grade 8 ALG. I||Grade 8 Algebra I|
|HS - ALG. I||High School Algebra I|
|HS - ALG. II||High School Algebra II|
|HS - Geometry||High School Geometry |
|HS - INT. MATH I||High School Integrated Math I|
|HS - INT. MATH II||High School Integrated Math II|
|HS - INT. MATH III||High School Integrated Math III|
|ELL||English language learner|
|High needs||Student is on an IEP, ELL or Formerly ELL, or is economically disadvantaged.|
|Econ. Disadvantaged||Economically disadvantaged. Student participated in one of the following state-administered programs: SNAP (food stamps); TAFDC (welfare); DCF (foster care); MassHealth (Medicaid) in October, March, or June. |
|ELL/Formerly ELL||Current or former English Language Learner|
|Students w/disabilities||Student has an Individual Education Plan (IEP) in SIMS.|
|State Average||Results calculated using the state representative sample.|
|Representative Sample||A large subset of the 2015 testing population selected statistically to match the state population on achievement and demographic variables.|
Inclusion Rules for Reporting School and District Results
- Students who did not attempt one or more units are not included in achievement or SGP results; they are counted as non-participants if enrolled in the same school during the testing window.
- First-year ELL students are not included in achievement and SGP results even if they are fully tested.
- ELL students who did not participate in ACCESS for ELLs are counted as non-participants even if they are fully tested.
- School achievement results only include students enrolled in the school since October, 2014.
- District and school SGP results only include students enrolled in the school since October, 2014.
- Students who took the Alternate Assessment are included in average CPI, but not achievement level or growth results.
Additional information for educators is available on the PARCC Resource Pages at http://parcconline.org/resources/educator-resources
- The Advanced Placement reports provide information about student AP test taking of individual exams, exam areas, or all exams.
- Advanced Placement Performance reports on how many students in each school or district received each possible score on the Advanced Placement exam.
- Advanced Placement Participation reports how many students took an Advanced Placement exam and how many students took more than one.
- For more information about Advanced Placement, see http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/