Profiles Help - About the Data

Public Schools & Districts

Accountability Data

Overall classification

All Massachusetts districts and schools with sufficient data are classified into one of two accountability categories: districts and schools requiring assistance or intervention, and districts and schools without required assistance or intervention.

Reason for classification

School of recognition. A subset of schools classified as not requiring assistance or intervention are recognized for their academic accomplishments. Schools of recognition are identified for high achievement, high growth, and exceeding targets.

Meeting targets. A district or school is identified as meeting targets if they have a criterion-referenced target percentage of 75 percent or higher and have not otherwise been identified as having low overall performance, low subgroup performance, low graduation rates, or low assessment participation.

Partially meeting targets. A district or school is identified as partially meeting targets if they have a criterion-referenced target percentage below 75 percent and have not otherwise been identified as having low overall performance, low subgroup performance, low graduation rates, or low assessment participation.

Focused/targeted support. A school is identified as in need of focused/targeted support if it: is among the lowest 10 percent of schools statewide, as measured by the accountability percentile; has one or more subgroups with a subgroup percentile of 5 or below; has a low graduation rate for all students (below 66.7 percent); and/or has low assessment participation (below 95 percent) for all students or for one or more subgroups in one or more subjects. A district is identified as in need of focused/targeted support if it has a low graduation rate for all students (below 66.7 percent), and/or has low assessment participation (below 95 percent) for all students or for one or more subgroups in one or more subjects.

Broad/comprehensive support. A school is identified as in need of broad/comprehensive support if it is designated underperforming or chronically underperforming by the Commissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education. A district is identified as in need of broad/comprehensive support if it is designated underperforming or chronically underperforming by the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education.


Progress toward improvement targets

The criterion-referenced target percentage combines information about achievement, growth, high school completion, English learner progress, advanced coursework completion, and chronic absenteeism into a single number between 0 and 100. For a group to be considered to be meeting targets it must have a criterion-referenced target percentage of 75 percent or higher.

Accountability percentile

An accountability percentile between 1 and 99 is reported for most schools. This number is an indication of the school's overall performance relative to other schools that administer similar assessments, and is calculated using data for all accountability indicators. Accountability percentiles are not calculated for districts, or for any school without sufficient achievement and growth data in English language arts and mathematics.

Determination of need for special education technical assistance or intervention

The U.S. Department of Education requires Massachusetts to determine which districts (including single school districts) have specific needs for technical assistance or intervention in the area of special education. A district’s determination is based on four categories: Meets Requirements (MR); Needs Assistance (NA); Needs Intervention (NI); and Needs Substantial Intervention (NSI). This designation helps signal whether outcomes for all students in the district indicate progress, including that of students with disabilities, or whether technical assistance and/or intervention is needed to improve outcomes for all children, especially students with disabilities. For most districts, the special education determination is aligned with accountability results, with adjustments made for districts with specific identified special education compliance issues.

A glossary of accountability reporting terms is available at http://www.doe.mass.edu/accountability/glossary-reporting-terms.docx. Additional information about the district and school accountability and assistance system is available at http://www.doe.mass.edu/accountability/.


District and School Report Cards

The Department of Elementary and Secondary Education will publish redesigned district and school report cards in December 2018. Additional information about report cards is available at http://www.doe.mass.edu/accountability/report-cards/.

School and District Profiles